The major land management principle
Land management can be divided into five main operations:
1. Clearing the land designated for construction and providing it with services
The rugby and football stadiums will be rebuilt to the north of their present site in order to free up building land along the ring road. New avenues will lead to the newly-constructed residences and a bridge will connect the two parks, making the whole site more cohesive.
2. Creating new facilities for student life and modernising the sports facilities
In order to create balance in the services in the entirety of the Campus grounds, new facilities for student life will be created in the West Park. The freely-available sports pitches will be renovated, the Western Area should be suitable for the installation of leisure and work areas. In the East Park, the existing sports facilities will be modernised.
3. Doing justice to the major features of the landscape
The historic compositional elements of the park will be shown off to advantage and the West Park will be extended. New buildings will be constructed to blend with the landscape, to preserve the atmosphere of parklands where people live, characteristic of the International Campus.
4. Strengthening the links between the Campus and its environment
The upgrading by the City of Paris of the Avenue David-Weill, the refurbishment of the existing footbridges and the long-term project for creating two new pedestrian bridges above the ring road will be important factors in strengthening the links between Paris and Gentilly.
5. Establishing a protective screen to protect the site from the ring road
A continuous screen of hedges and plants to the south of the Campus will hide the ring road from view and provide a noise barrier for the park, to exclude the sights and sounds of the ring road, while also promoting ecological continuity.
A partnership project
In July 2012 an agreement for the exchange of land was concluded between the City of Paris, the Chancellery of the Universities of Paris and the International Campus; this gives the Campus 16,000 m² of building land, intended for the construction of several new residences. This agreement also envisages the construction by the City of Paris of 2 new residences, as well as the renovation of the Fondation Victor Lyon, so that it can be used to house researchers. The agreement makes possible at long last the construction of the Maison de la Région Île-de-France (Agence Nicolas Michelin & Associés, architects).
Thus, 1,700 to 1,800 new lodgings will be constructed by 2017-2020, which will increase by 25 % the capacity of the Campus to accommodate students. The International Campus is the contracting authority for the provision of utility services, installation and landscaping work prior to the construction of the new residences. These works, as well as the studies required for the operation, are financed by the “Plan Campus” loans granted by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research. In November 2011, the EXP / Sempervirens group of architects and landscape gardeners was tasked with developing a “Guide Plan”, which defines the overall aims of the development project to ensure consistency and coordination of the major work phases to be undertaken in the grounds of the International Campus. The partners of the International Campus and the users of the site have been closely involved in this work.
The main directives of the Guide Plan:
- 1. To preserve the traces of the history of the Campus
- 2. To reconcile density of building, the landscape and the quality of the architecture
- 3. To extend the International Campus parkland
- 4. To improve transport and connections
- 5. To revitalize the way the area is used, to restore the balance in the park
- 6. To bring the sports and leisure facilities up to date
Extension of the Maison de l’Inde (more details here)
The Maison de l’Inde was inaugurated in 1968. Since that time it has played a major role in diffusing Indian culture in France. The building, which was designed by the architects, Benjamin and Laroya, assisted by Gaston Leclaire, is an example of modernist architecture, covered in a mosaic of molten glass varying in colour from dark red to purple, which echoes the colour of the neighbouring red-brick residences.
In 2013 the new Maison de l’Inde heralds a new architectural era on the International Campus. On the initiative of the Maison de l’Inde and the International Campus, the project, entirely financed by the Indian government, was awarded by competition to the Lipsky+Rollet architectural agency. It fulfils the contracting authority’s environmental requirements. Faithful to the spirit of the International Campus, the building is set into the park, in its own space, so that the balance between the various buildings is maintained. It is 7 storeys high, constructed as a laminated timber structure.
The 72 rooms are laid out round a central vertical core and, like petals, are oriented towards the east and south so that they benefit from the maximum sunshine. They have deep balconies protected by a fabric canopy. The facilities in the interior of the building are designed to stimulate the life of the community. The students and researchers come together on each floor in shared kitchen-dining rooms, which are in the main area open to the interior of the patio.
Maison de l’Île-de-France
Financed by the Région, the Maison de l’Île-de-France is a new residence on the International University Campus in Paris. With its 142 rooms, it has been built in the south of the park, along the ring road, between the residences, la Maison du Cambodge and la Maison du Liban. Its conception was entrusted to the architects from the Agence Nicolas Michelin & Associés (A/NM/A). Its design responds to the constraints of the site and to the energy performance criteria (ZEN zero energy objectives).
The 8-storey building is compact. The south facade, exposed to the noise from the urban motorway has been treated to create an acoustic barrier and since it is south-facing, it is possible to install solar thermal collectors. Linked to a heat storage system in two 110 m3 tanks, situated in the south facade, the system provides 75% of the heating requirements and can be regarded as an example of the environmental policy of the Région and the International Campus.
This innovative technology is combined with a singular architectural signature: the facades are entirely covered in steel insulation panels. As regards its function, the emphasis in the Residence is on the reception areas: the grand double-height salon on the ground floor opens to give a wide view over the landscape of the park. Each floor has 23 spacious furnished rooms with bathroom and toilet; they are set out along a double corridor, which extends into a shared kitchen, oriented towards the north. The Residence will welcome its first residents at the beginning of the 2015 academic year.
Maison de la rue Paul Vaillant Couturier (more detail here)
On 10th July last, the firm of AAVP architecture Vincent Parreira successfully tendered for the construction of a new residence on the International University Campus in Paris. Thus, the AAVP agency is reviving its links with the Campus ten years after its last involvement, the renovation of the Résidence André de Gouvéia.
This project forms part of a wider partnership between the International Campus and the City of Paris, which envisages the construction by the City of Paris of 300 lodgings for students and researchers on the historic site of the International Campus. This project will see the light of day on a plot of land belonging to the City of Paris, at the extreme south of the area, at the angle of the Rue Paul Vaillant Couturier and the Avenue Lucien Descaves, opposite the Maison des Arts et Métiers.
The project ownership has been entrusted by the City to Espacil Habitat, a social housing operator. This residence will house 190 lodgings for students, doctoral students and researchers.
On the urban level, the building will occupy a strategic position at the junction of the communes of Paris, Gentilly and Montrouge, near the green track of the aqueducts which could in the future be extended along the Avenue David Weill, between the two International Campus parks. So that the building will completely fulfil its function as a link between the Campus and Gentilly, where new student residences are planned, its access and approach areas have been designed to promote fluidity and to be pleasant for pedestrian access, especially via the nearby Arts et Métiers footbridge.
Like all the current or future projects, the construction of this building will have to respond to the architectural challenge of blending into the spirit of the buildings which have fashioned the identity of the International Campus, by offering aesthetics and comfort worthy of the most ambitious projects of their era.
Handed over in 1938, the Collège néerlandais is the only example in France of the work of the Dutch architect, Willem Marinus Dudok. Its style shows the influences of the De Stijl movement and of the School of Amsterdam. Its streamlined contours, which recall the lines of factory architecture, are laid out round an interior patio, embellished with a pond or pool on to which the communal areas and the rooms open. The building was classified as an Historical Monument in 2005. The refurbishing project is being supervised by a Franco -Dutch scientific committee.
With the aims both of improving thermal and sound insulation and of bringing the building into conformity with the regulations for access for handicapped persons, the intention of the project is also to restore the original exterior of the building. Therefore, an important objective is to restore all of the metal joinery both on the facades and on the terraces to their initial state. A polychrome study has been carried out, to trace the original shades, both on the exterior and in the interior of the building. Particular care is being taken as regards the interior fittings. Thus, the original furnishings and decoration, designed by the architect (shelves, door handles etc.) are being conserved and restored.
The complete restoration of three historic rooms is also planned. From a functional point of view, the programme aims in particular to increase the accommodation capacity (8 extra rooms have been created), as well as installing individual shower rooms for the majority of the rooms. The work began in December 2011.
Park (More details here)
Right from the early days of the International University Campus in Paris, the land management of a vast park has been a decisive factor and the International Campus today remains faithful to the desire of its founders to create a privileged area where it is possible to lead a healthy lifestyle in an atmosphere of multicultural sociability. The park has undergone profound changes since its completion at the end of the 1930’s, according to the drawings and designs of Jean Claude Nicolas Forestier and then Léon Azéma.
However, the defining features have been preserved: a grand avenue, lined with lime trees and a vast central lawn. In the generously planted areas, the mixture of broad-leaved and coniferous trees guarantees all year round plant cover.
Since the International Campus became involved in sustainable development in 2010, the park team has revised its gardening techniques and now manage the areas in a differentiated way; they have stopped using weed-killers and are exploring traditional gardening techniques.
In order to keep a record of how biodiversity is progressing in its grounds, the International Campus is opening its park to university organisations for the purposes of researching the fauna and flora.
Some hundred species of tree have already been identified and labelled, so that walkers in the park may learn about them. Open to the public, the International Campus park is an area where you can relax, practise leisure and sports activities in the open air, where the inhabitants of the 13th and 14th arrondissements of Paris, those of Montrouge and Gentilly mingle with the occasional visitors and with the French and foreign residents.